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Transition Fastbreak Basketball To Secondary - Популярные статьи - Библиотека международной спортивно

Transition Fastbreak Basketball To Secondary

Статья Стива Витти, главного тренера Индианаполисской высшей школы, о технике подбора и вторичной атаки

Transition Fastbreak Basketball To Secondary

Фото: Transition Fastbreak Basketball To Secondary

Witty was head coach for thirteen years at Ben Davis High School in Indianapolis, Indiana, where he had an 80% winning record. His team won two State Championships and he was voted Coach of the Year three times in Indiana. Witty is presently serving as the Executive Director of the 3000-member Indiana Basketball Coaches Association, the largest basketball coaches group in the US. He has published eight technical books on basketball.

Traditionally, teams that incorporated the fastbreak as a part of their offensive attack normally ran the traditional break where the ball was outletted to a guard. The ball was then passed or dribbled to the middle of the court and the first players to get there filled the two outside lanes.

  1. Transition games rules
  2. Personnel characteristics and assignments
  3. Some examples of various secondary offenses
  4. Various drills to teach the transition game


A. Player 1 always receives the outlet pass to lead the break. He creates diagonal or vertical passing lanes to receive outlet passes, not horizontal (diagr.1).

B. He should receive the outlet pass at the free throw line extended or higher, unless the outlet area is in the middle of the floor (diagr. 2).

C. He should call for the outlet pass the same way each time. Use only the term “outlet”.

D. He should look to pass the ball to the first open teammate.

E. His passing options in order of preference are:

First: 2 or 3 spotted up

Second: 4 or 5 posted

F. He should advance the ball in the middle of the floor, if at all possible.

G. The rebounder is allowed a maximum of two dribbles to create a passing lane.

H. Players 2 and 3 always sprint to spot up point at the free throw line extended, above the arc to the right or left of the basket. They must talk to each other and communicate which lane each will occupy (diagr. 3).

I. 2 and 3, when receiving the pass, are looking for the three-point shot. They can drive to the basket if they feel they have an open lane for a lay-up, or feed the low post.

J. If player 5 rebounds, he becomes the trailer on the play. The trailer always stays behind 1.

K. Player 4 sprints to post up on the ball-side block, as you can see on the diagr. 3.

L. If 4 rebounds he becomes the trailer and the roles are reversed with 5.

M. If someone other than 4 or 5 rebounds, they outlet the ball and use their rules.

N. 4 or 5, whoever gets there, first posts on the ballside block, and the other becomes the trailer. Again, the players must communicate.


1 passes to 2 and holds his position. 4 cuts to the ballside block and 2 looks for shot or to pass to 4 in the low post (diagr. 4).


The set and movements are the same (see from diagr. 4 to diagr. 6).


1 with the ball, 2, 3, 4 and 5 run five-man weave to the other end of the floor (diagr. 12). After the lay-up is scored, the ball is taken out of the net and an outlet pass is thrown to 1. All five players then use their transition rules (diagr. 13).

The players execute all these options from one end of the floor to the other end before the drill ends. Players must think and communicate with the teammates the transition options to be executed.


  1. Line up five offensive players, A; B, C, D and E, on the baseline and five defensive players 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, facing them at free-throw line extended (diagr. 14).
  2. The coach has the ball and will pass to one of the offensive players and a fastbreak to the other end of the floor begins.
  3. When the coach passes the ball, he calls out 1, 2, or 3 numbers. The players assigned those specific numbers must sprint and touch the baseline before they get back on defense.
  4. In containment transition defense, the first priority is the basket, the second priority is the ball and the third is to fan out and play defense against shooters that are spotted up. The players, who are running back on defense, must communicate (diagr. 15).
  5. If A, B, with the ball, C, D, and E, do not score in transition, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 will rebound and work on their transition game and A, B, C, D, and E will work on transition defense.


  1. B passes to C or D, who receives the pass and shoots (diagr. 16).
  2. B and A close out to block out D and C.
  3. If B or A successfully rebounds the ball, they outlet the ball to 1, who has created the passing lane (diagr. 17).
  4. If C or D scores, B or A must take the ball out and inbound to 1, who has created the passing lane for the outlet pass.
  5. If C or D scores, they both stay on offense and B and A go to the end of the line.
  6. If C or D does not score, A and B, after outletting the ball, go from blocking out to offense at the elbow. C and D go to the ends of the rebounding lines.
  7. Rotate different players at 1 spot.
  8. Run the drill for two minutes. outlet pass.

At the end of two minutes, all players in the rebound lines do 10 fingertips push-ups.


  1. Four defensive players 1, 2, 4, and 5, will run break on a steal or missed shot (diagr. 18).
  2. Team getting back on defense does not deny the ball to 1 man, but they must concentrate on getting back.
  3. 1 creates passing lane to receive the outlet pass
  4. 2, 4, and 5 use their transition rules.
  5. Since there are only four players breaking the transition, the players will have to make decisions about what position will be unoccupied, spot up, post or trailer.

The transition game and the three-point shot have added excitement to basketball. Secondary offensive ideas are numerous and limited only by the imagination and creativity of the coach.

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Basketball Transition Drills - 2-2 Transition Defense

Basketball Transition Drills - 2-2 Transition Defense Description:

Make groups of two. Set up an offensive and a defensive team on one basket. The other groups of 2 divide up at the position free throw line extended-sideline equally on both ends of the court. One player is positioned on the right side his teammate on the left side.

The two teams on the court play against each other until either the offense scores or defense gets the rebound. The rebounder then quickly outlets the ball to one of the player waiting free-throw-line extended (does not matter if outlet is to right or left side) who takes off with his teammate trying to score an uncontested lay-up.

The former offense gets defense and has to hustle back to other end of the court to try to stop the new offense. Former defense goes at the end of the line position free-throw line and sideline. This is a continuous drill for a specific amount of time.


No layups for any offensive team.

Make a quick transition from offense to defense.

Accurate outlet passes by the defensive rebounder.

Number of Players:

Do this drill as a contest. Give a point to each group preventing the offense from scoring without foul. Play for a specific amount of points.


This is also a good conditioning drill. You can make this drill even more challenging by adding the pass to the front court. Defense outlets the ball to the next group waiting free throw line extended. The player receiving the pass in this position passes it to the next group on the other side of the court who go for an uncontested lay-up. Former offense has to hustle even more to get back on defense on time.

Coaching Basketball, Basketball Defense, Basketball Defensive Transition, Top Basketball Coaching

Top Basketball Coaching Coaching Youth Basketball | How To Play Basketball Coaching Basketball:Teaching Defensive Transition

I recently sent out a survey to my global newsletter list asking for coaches to tell me what their most pressing basketball related question is.

Coach Anindya, from India , asked how to train his players to get back quickly on defense. I thought this was a question I should deal with as an article, because I have had this question asked before.

This is more of a team issue than an individual issue, and while I try to maintain my focus on only teaching individual aspects of the game, the transition issue relates to both the fast break and rebounding—areas I have covered in my e-books and DVD/videos. So, I decided to offer my thoughts on how Coach Anindya might help his players transition to defense more quickly.

Any of you coaches reading this article, having other ideas on how to train for getting back quickly, while transitioning to defense, please feel free to write in with your training tips.

I can’t possibly cover the myriad of ways coaches teach defensive transitioning, but here is what I have used successfully.

I have covered some aspects of what we need to understand, in regards to how many players I send after a rebound, in my rebounding e-book ( and my video ( I describe how I have four rebounders getting into place while always having one player back for quick defensive help. This demonstration can also be viewed in my DVD/Streaming Video (

From my rebounding e-book, I offer this advice: “. in my offenses, I send four players to get a rebound and send one player (defensive safety) back with deep defensive responsibility. The shooter (unless the farthest player back toward the defensive end--safety), when possible, will follow his/her shot. The shooter will usually have the best idea where the rebound is headed and can often chase it down, otherwise he/she will take the high rebound position. The other three positions are 5 to 7 feet from either side of the rim and 5 to7 feet directly in front of the rim. The remaining player is back as a defensive safety.”

This rebounding box would usually be made up the wings and post forming a rebounding triangle, while the shooter would move to a high rebound position between the dotted line and the free throw line. (I train a variety of scenarios moving players around the different positions, because we never know where the shot will be coming from. I have rules set for where each player will be in the triangle, depending on who is shooting and which players are already nearest the rebounding positions.)

Your team is on offense. If you lose the rebound, now your players must practice getting back on defense, the same way you practice getting a defensive rebound and beginning your offensive fast break. First of all, the operative word here is "fast". Just as you seek to achieve quick transition on your fast break, you must also drill to stop the break, while getting your players back into defense "fast".

The success of your defense really depends on the success of your offensive rebounding and in eliminating turnovers. These two big areas are where the offensive fast break by the other team begins. If you get the offensive rebound, you've stopped their break, for the moment, because you still have the ball. If you have fewer turnovers, the other team must continue to play on defense.

So, when you lose the offensive rebound, or lose possession of the ball, what do you do? The safety sprints down court immediately. The closest player to the ball attempts to tie up the player with the ball, or at least slow down the advance of the ball. That player should not leave the player with the ball, as long as that player is in possession of the ball. If he dribbles, hound him. If he passes, get back into the defensive position that needs to be filled. The defensive safety is already back to stop any deep pass, while the other 3 players sprint back up the middle of the floor to get to the top of the defensive key before the offense transitions that deeply.

You practice this the same way you practice fast breaking. Use a stop-watch and time the retreat. Do it over and over and over again, from different rebounding/ turnover scenarios. It must become spontaneous and second nature. Is anyone looking around to see what happened to the ball? All players should know at all times, where the ball is and in who's possession. When your offense has lost the ball, your transition break to defense must begin immediately and spontaneously.

After you have accomplished the “fast” in getting your players to retreat, now you will have to decide what your defensive philosophy is--man or zone-and how to get into that set. Also, once you have the full retreat accomplished, then you can begin to experiment with any pressing techniques—three-quarter court, half-court, etc.

This is just one approach to finding a solution for a slow transition problem, but I hope it poses at least a partial solution for any coach looking for help with this. Coaches, your players must have the conditioning, the will and the desire to make this work or else it won't work.

Defense Makes the Difference - Basketball Tips

Defense Makes the Difference

Slogans such as “A good offense is the best defense,” “Out score your opponent,” and “They can’t score when you have possession of the ball” are all true. However, defense is the dominant ingredient of winning basketball. Offensive basketball has progressed at such a rapid rate with the addition of the 3-point shot that players sometimes forget the value of strong defense. It is impossible to shut out your opponent, but it IS possible to eliminate the cheap basket. Defense, if it’s good, is unlike offense in that it is quite stable. We all have had nights when we could not put the ball in the basket. This is a variable of offense, while our defense will not change. Even on a poor offensive night, we can play good defense that might turn the tide of the battle.


Pressure the Ball. Force the player with the ball to dribble or turn away from the basket. Never allow a good player to handle the ball without some pressure or your defense will get torn apart. Make the other team uncomfortable – don’t let them run their favorite plays or get the ball where they want it.

Be prepared to help when not guarding the ball. Your teammate will not pressure the ball unless there is confidence that there will be help on a drive to the basket. Plug up the center of the court.

Guard the best shooters relentlessly. Most teams have only two good shooters, and nearly all teams have one non-shooter in the starting lineup. Keep track of the good shooters and make them work to catch the ball.

Reduce your opponents’ number of shots. Many offenses are based on the theory “take enough shots and the percentages will take care of themselves.” They shoot the ball and go after the rebound. To defeat good teams, limit the number of attempts at the basket.

Eliminate offensive rebounds. Again, the highest percentage shot in basketball is the rebound put back. Eliminate second shots – block out.

Force your opponent to shoot a poor percentage shot. Make the offensive team take a hurried shot. Most teams will shoot the ball within three passes. Be aggressive and relentless on the basketball, and don’t let good shooters have the ball. Most players shoot the basketball better standing than moving, or only like to go one way. Make them take shots they don’t like.

Eliminate the cheap baskets. Every giveaway costs your team four points – the two your opponent scores, plus the two you lost. Take care of the ball on offense, hustle back on defense, block your player off the boards, and stay mentally alert 100% of the time. Be prepared to help your teammates when your player does not have the ball. Play as a team!

Prevent the ball from going in to the post. When the ball gets inside to the other team’s post, you are in trouble! It’s a high percentage shot for the other team, there’s a good chance of fouling, and there are lots of passing lanes. If you are not guarding the post position, help your teammate who is guarding the post player by keeping hands in passing lanes to prevent easy passes. If the ball gets into the post, drop down and help but be certain to be in position to prevent the post from kicking the ball out to your man at the three line.

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3 Simple Yet Very Effective Transition Defense Drills

3 Simple Yet Very Effective Transition Defense Drills

Posted by Coach Dave Stricklin on October 21, 2013

3 "Absolutes" for a great transition defense:

  • Communication
  • Hustle
  • Improvisation ( think quick on your feet)

As a coach you HATE to see the other team get a long rebound or steal a bad pass and get a fast break layup or dunk on the other end. It absolutely kills you because it allows your opponent to score easily, can change the momentum of a game, and makes your team look slow or lazy. Give up too many of these in a game and people soon start to question "What the heck do they do in practice!?"

Like everything in the game of basketball, a great transition defense takes time, commitment, and repetition to develop. It is not something that is going to improve overnight, but by spending as little as 10 minutes a day emphasizing the three absolutes listed above, you can minimize your opponent's transition and breakaway opportunities.

Here are three basic drills that you can use with players of any age to help build a great transition defense. I guarantee you that even if do only one of these drills a day you will see major results almost immediately. (Because these are full-court drills and require a basketball you will most likely see improvements in your team's conditioning and ball handling as well!)

Remember basketball is a game of habits and so it is up to YOU to make sure that your players are practicing good habits and are practicing hard. When the game starts, you cannot fault the players for not communicating, for not going 100 percent, or for making bad decisions when it comes to transition defense if you allow those things to happen in practice!

1. Start with 5 players lined up across the baseline and 5 more players lined up across from them on the free throw line extended.

2. The coach then passes the ball to one of the players on the baseline.

3. As soon as that happens the defender across from the ball must now run and touch the baseline while the 5 offensive players transition into offense

4. The 4 remaining defenders must now communicate and hustle until the 5th man can recover and get back on defense

An overall theme of transition defense is communication. The more communication that takes place amongst your defenders the better your defense will become. Communication should be both verbal and non verbal and when both forms are combined, your players can really become more aware of everything that is happening on the court. To emphasize this, insist that all 4 defenders point to the ball and yell out their position in relation to the ball when running back on defense.

Want to make this drill even tougher? Once your team gets comfortable with covering up 5 on 4, send two defenders to touch the baseline. Now your defense has to cover up 5 on 3 until help arrives. You can mix it up further by calling out player's names, or designating certain spots for touching the baseline.

1. Split your players into two teams

2. Have two players from each team start out on defense on their respective side of the court

3. Start with three offensive players at half court

4. On the whistle the offense starts to attack. As soon as the ball crosses half court, the next defender can run into the center circle and then join the play

5. Once the Defense gets the ball, whether by getting a steal, grabbing a rebound or after a made basket, they turn around and head the other way on offense

1. Once the offense crosses half court, the third defender runs in and touches the center circle and joins the play

2. Now it is 3 on 3

3. Continue alternating sides in this in this manner until the drill ends

Teaching Point: This is already a competitive drill but a great way to make it even more competitive is to keep score. Play to 13 points by 1's and 2's and have the losing team run. You'll be amazed at how hard the kids will get after it!

Another great way to instill a competitive spirit is split the kids up by age, grade or even teams (ex: 5th graders vs. 6th graders or JV vs. Varsity)

1. Designate on player to start on defense the rest of the players line up on the opposite end of the court on the baseline

2. 2 offensive players step out, and play on offense going the other way. The ball can either be dribbled up the court by one player or passed back and forth.

3. After the basket is made or a rebound is secured, the shooter is now on defense, while the other offensive player and the original defender attack the other way on offense.

Do not let the lone defender ever turn his back on the pass receiver because as soon as he over commits a simple pass will lead to a layup. Instead have him keep his back towards the basket and "fake & retreat." Execute this by taking a big jab step towards the ball handler and then quickly retreating to the pass receiver while looking to steal the pass. The defender would much rather give up a 15 foot jump shot than a layup!

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